How to Grow Garlic:Useful Tips

Garlic is almost indispensable seasoning, and very useful for human health vegetable. It is not a big problem to buy it, but if you like to dig in the garden, why not start to grow it? This article will provide you with a guidance on how to grow a garlic on your own.

If you have decide to start growing this vegetable of onion family you should know that there are two main subspecies: common (soft neck) and hardneck. It is also divided on winter and spring type. Winter type is planted in late September – early October, and is basically used in food during summer. Spring type is planted in early spring and is stored for the winter using. For planting summer type garlic, you need to choose the moment when the soil is already warm, but still contains enough moisture. This vegetable likes fertile structural soil rich in organic substances. Winter types grow well on sandy soils, and spring types – on mid-loamy soils. It is not recommended to plant it on the land containing meltwater as winter seeds will get wet and you will have to plant spring seeds later than they should.

Cabbage, cucumbers and beans are considered good precursors for garlic, potatoes and onions -bad precursors. It is not recommended to grow a garlic on one land site for more than two years in a row, it can be planted not sooner than in three or four years to avoid the accumulation of diseases and pests in the area. Beds for planting winter type seeds are prepared in advance. You should add a fertilizer in a soil: 40 g of super phosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride per 1 square meter of soil or complex fertilizer.

If you want to succeed in growing garlic, you need to provide a responsible approach to the preparation of planting material. Typically, lateral bulbs or simply cloves play a role of planting material. Although, they should be carefully selected in accordance with shape, weight and size of cloves. You should choose from large or medium onions (weighting from 3 to 6 g). It is not recommended to plant too large bulbs. If the bulb contains large external and internal cloves, you should select only external ones for planting. It is important to remember that you can only grow from healthy cloves. You can not take the cloves that have grown in areas infested by pests or diseases. Cloves are not cleaned from the upper dry flakes before planting.

Make the soil light and well aligned before planting and mark the rows. Recommended width between the rows is 40-45 cm for winter seeds and 25-30 cm for spring seeds and the width for seeds in a row should be 8-10 cm for both types. Winter seeds are planted at a depth of 8-10 cm for better overwintering and spring seeds are planted at a depth of 5 cm. You should water the rows after planting. It is also useful to mulch beds with humus or peat.

It is not enough to grow garlic, it is very important not to miss a harvest time: if the bulbs stay in the ground for too long, they begin to disintegrate on cloves. Late July – early August is a harvest time for winter seeds, spring seeds are gathered 2-4 weeks later. Now you know how to grow a garlic. We hope that our article will help you to get a good crop.